Backyard homestead two hectares is 87,120 square feet, about the size of two football fields. A house, a generous garden and orchard, a greenhouse and maybe a barn with some goats, sheep or pigs can fit comfortably with room to spare. A family cow and her calf can be kept on a farm of two hectares. In “How to Grow More Vegetables,” bio-intensive gardening John Jeavons outlines a plan for a backyard homestead of the family meal with a growth period of six months which will feed four people using only 1,302 square meters. This garden includes dwarf fruit trees, 320 square feet of potatoes, many different types of vegetables, flowers and herbs, and several piles of compost.
Add the berries, tree nuts, grain drying, a greenhouse and even grains. Adding a pond at his backyard homestead in two acres is an “extra” that will provide many benefits. A large enough pool can be used for irrigation, fire fighting or swimming on a hot day. A small garden pond, easily excavated with a bulldozer and lined with a plastic liner can be very well designed. Any pond can provide homes for wildlife such as turtles, frogs, snakes and birds.